Evolution and Heredity explores how the diversity of living things on Earth is explained through the theory of evolution by natural selection. Changes to DNA and genes through mutations are identified as a source of genetic variation. The mechanism of sexual reproduction is investigated as a process essential for passing heritable characteristics from one generation to the next, enabling the inheritance of a unique set of characteristics from both parents while maintaining genetic variation in the population. Advances in biotechnology and their effects on science and society are also explored. This unit covers the Australian Curriculum; Science Understanding descriptions ACSSU184 and ACSSU185.
Chemical Patterns is a chemistry unit exploring a range of concepts and ideas related to chemical reactions. Key types of chemical reactions are investigated and represented through chemical equations. Rates of reactions and energy transfer are also investigated. Properties and reactivity of elements are related to their position in the periodic table and their atomic structure. The importance of many chemical reactions and processes to society, including those involving compounds of carbon, is highlighted. This unit covers the Australian Curriculum; Science Understanding descriptions ACSSU186 and ACSSU187.
Energy transfers and transformations are explored in the context of moving objects in Motion and Energy Transfer. The principal of energy conservation and laws of physics, such as Newton's laws, are used to explain the behaviour of moving objects in the presence of unbalanced forces. The concepts of work and energy degradation, particularly in processes involving the transfer of heat, are explored in the context of societal energy use and demand. This unit covers the Australian Curriculum; Science Understanding descriptions ACSSU190 and ACSSU229.
Science Futures explores several contemporary areas of science experiencing substantial new discoveries with the development of new ideas, such as the Big Bang Theory. Major features of visible universe, including galaxies stars and our solar system, are investigated. This unit also explores how, in some cases, these advances involve large, international teams and significant funding. It also investigates how advances in telescopes and other technologies are transforming the way we think of our place in the universe. The unit concludes with an exploration of the interaction between advancing science and social policy and ethics. This unit covers the Australian Curriculum; Science Understanding description ACSSU188.